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Nicholas Nguyen
Nicholas Nguyen

Population Census 2011 India Pdf Download

The 2011 Census of India or the 15th Indian Census was conducted in two phases, house listing and population enumeration. The House listing phase began on 1 April 2010 and involved the collection of information about all buildings. Information for National Population Register (NPR) was also collected in the first phase, which will be used to issue a 12-digit unique identification number to all registered Indian residents by Unique Identification Authority of India. The second population enumeration phase was conducted between 9 and 28 February 2011. Census has been conducted in India since 1872 and 2011 marks the first time biometric information was collected. According to the provisional reports released on 31 March 2011, the Indian population increased to 1.21 billion with a decadal growth of 17.70%.[2] Adult literacy rate increased to 74.04% with a decadal growth of 9.21%. The motto of the census was 'Our Census, Our future'.

Population Census 2011 India Pdf Download

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Information on castes was included in the census following demands from several ruling coalition leaders including Lalu Prasad Yadav, and Mulayam Singh Yadav supported by opposition parties Bharatiya Janata Party, Akali Dal, Shiv Sena and Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam.[5] Information on caste was last collected during the British Raj in 1931. During the early census, people often exaggerated their caste status to garner social status and it is expected that people downgrade it now in the expectation of gaining government benefits.[6] Earlier, There was speculation that there would be a caste-based census conducted in 2011, the first time for 80 years (last was in 1931), to find the exact population of the "Other Backward Classes" (OBCs) in India.[7][8][9][10] This was later accepted and the Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 was conducted whose first findings were revealed on 3 July 2015 by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.[11] Mandal Commission report of 1980 quoted OBC population at 52%, though National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) survey of 2006 quoted OBC population at 41%.[12]

Provisional data from the census was released on 31 March 2011 (and was updated on 20 May 2013).[23][24][25][26] Transgender population was counted in population census in India for the first time in 2011.[27][28] The overall sex ratio of the population is 940 females for every 1,000 males in 2011.[29] The official count of the third gender in India is 490,000[30]

The population of India as per 2011 census was 1,210,854,977.[31] India added 181.5 million to its population since 2001, slightly lower than the population of Brazil. India, with 2.4% of the world's surface area, accounts for 17.5% of its population. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state with roughly 200 million people. Over half the population resided in the six most populous states of Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.[citation needed] Of the 1.21 billion Indians, 833 million (68.84%) live in rural areas while 377 million stay in urban areas.[32][33] 453.6 million people in India are migrants, which is 37.8% of total population.[34][35][36]

India is home to many religions such as Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism, while also being home to several indigenous faiths and tribal religions which have been practiced alongside major religions for centuries. According to the 2011 census, the total number of households in India is 248.8 million. Of which 202.4 million are Hindu, 31.2 million are Muslim, 6.3 million are Christian, 4.1 million are Sikh, and 1.9 million are Jain[37][38] According to 2011 census, there are around 3.01 million places of worship in India.[39]

Ever since its inception, the Census of India has been collecting and publishing information about the religious affiliations as expressed by the people of India. In fact, population census has the rare distinction of being the only instrument that collects this diverse and important characteristic of the Indian population.

Hindi is the most widely spoken language in northern parts of India.[67] The Indian census takes the widest possible definition of "Hindi" as a broad variety of "Hindi languages".[68] According to 2011 Census, 57.1% of Indian population know Hindi,[69] in which 43.63% of Indian people have declared Hindi as their native language or mother tongue.[70][71] The language data was released on 26 June 2018.[72] Bhili/Bhilodi was the most spoken unscheduled language with 10.4 million speakers, followed by Gondi with 2.9 million speakers. 96.71% of India's population speaks one of the 22 scheduled languages as their mother tongue in the 2011 census.

The 2011 census report on bilingualism and trilingualism, which provides data on the two languages in order of preference in which a person is proficient other than the mother tongue, was released in September 2018.[73][74][75] The number of bilingual speakers in India is 314.9 million, which is 26% of the population in 2011.[76] 7% of Indian population is trilingual.[77] Hindi, Bengali speakers are India's least multilingual groups.[78]

Any one above age 7 who can read and write in any language with an ability to understand was considered a literate. In censuses before 1991, children below the age 5 were treated as illiterates. The literacy rate taking the entire population into account is termed as "crude literacy rate", and taking the population from age 7 and above into account is termed as "effective literacy rate". Effective literacy rate increased to a total of 74.04% with 82.14% of the males and 65.46% of the females being literate.[81]

Census can be looked at as a process of collecting, compiling, analyzing, evaluating, publishing, and disseminating statistical data regarding the population. It covers demographic, social, and economic data. The Census of India 2011 was conducted in two phases as follows: i) House listing & Housing Census and ii) Population Enumeration.

The population of India has seen an increase of around 181 million during the last decade from 2001-2011. This addition is slightly less than the population of Brazil, the fifth most populous country in the world. 2001-2011 is the first-ever decade (with the exception of 1911-1921) which has actually seen a decrease in population as compared to the previous decade. The decadal growth rate during the decade of 2001-2011 has seen the sharpest decline since Independence.

The gap between the literacy rate in urban and rural areas has been on a steady decline in every census. The gender gap in literacy rate is steadily declining in every census. In Census 2011, the gap stands at 16.3 points. The top five states and UTs, where literacy rate has been recorded to be the highest, are Kerala (94 percent), Lakshadweep (91.8 percent), Mizoram (91.3 percent), Goa (88.7 percent) and Tripura (87.2). The bottom five states in terms of Literacy rate are Bihar (61.8 percent), Arunachal Pradesh (65.4 percent), Rajasthan (66.1 percent), Jharkhand (66.4 percent) and Andhra Pradesh (67 percent).

Here, we looked at the Census and the different important aspects related to it. We also looked at certain important highlights from the Census Report of 2011. This is an important topic and one can expect questions from this topic in the General Awareness Section of various competitive exams like SSC, UPSC, RRB, LIC, SBI PO, and other Competitive exams at the Central and State levels. Aspirants can download the Testbook app for more updates and tips to prepare for their competitive exams. People who want to get exclusive benefits can check out our Testbook offers.

A census is a count and description of the population. The percentage of people listed varies with the purpose of the census and how careful the enumerator was. India national censuses started in 1871 and continue every 10 years.

A census may list only selected persons (such as males between the ages of 16 and 45) or list the whole population. Censuses provide information when other records are missing. The percentage of people listed varies with the purpose of the census and how careful the enumerator was. Various types of censuses taken by different authorities for their own purposes, include:

Census is nothing but a process of collecting, compiling, analyzing, evaluating, publishing and disseminating statistical data regarding the population. It covers demographic, social and economic data and are provided as of a particular date. Census is useful for formulation of development policies and plans and demarcating constituencies for elections. The Census of India has been conducted 15 times, As of 2011. It has been conducted every 10 years, beginning in 1871.

A census is a unique source of detailed socio-demographic statistics that underpins national policymaking with population estimates and projections to help allocate funding and plan investment and services.

Males are over represented in this homeless group (66%), yet female representation has increased 1.2% nationally since 2011. The proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons in this group (27%) has increased since 2011 (25%). This is higher than in the proportion of the total homeless population (20%), and significantly higher than the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons in the Australian population (3%).

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples made up 3% of the Australian population in 2016. However, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples accounted for 20% (23,437 persons) (down from 26% in 2011) of all persons who were homeless on Census night in 2016. Of those who were classified as homeless, 70% (down from 75% in 2011) were living in 'severely' crowded dwellings, 12% were in supported accommodation for the homeless and 9% were in improvised dwellings, tents or sleeping out. For non-Indigenous homeless persons, 42% were living in 'severely' crowded dwellings, 15% were in supported accommodation, and 6% were in improvised dwellings, tents or sleeping out. The proportion of persons who did not state their Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status increased to 10% (12,217 persons) of all persons who were homeless on Census night in 2016, up from 7% (7,651 persons) in 2011.


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